Ledo, A.  Smith, S., Zerihun, A., Whitaker, J.,Vicente-Vicente, J.L., Qin, Z., McNamara, N., Zinn, Y-L., Llorente, M., Liebig, M.A., Khunert, M., Dondini, M., Don, A., Diaz-Pines, E., Datta, A., Bakka, H., Aguilera, E., Hillier, J.(2020). Changes in soil organic carbon under perennial crops. Global Change Biology,

   La Cruz-Amo, D., Bañares-De-Dios, G., Cala, V., Espinosa, C.I., Ledo, A., Salinas, N., Macía, M.J. and CAYUELA, L., (2020). Trade-offs among aboveground, belowground and soil organic carbon stocks along altitudinal gradients in Andean tropical montane forests. Frontiers in Plant Science, 11, p.106.

   Moreno-Fernández, D., Ledo, A., Cañellas, I. and Montes, F., (2020). Strategies for Modeling Regeneration Density in Relation to Distance from Adult Trees. Forests, 11(1), p.120.   

    Ledo, A. Hillier, J. Smith, S., Aguilera, E., Blagodatskiy, S., Brearley, F.Q., Datta, A., Diaz-Pines, E., Don, A., Dondini, M., Dunn, J., Feliciano,     D.M., Liebig, M.A., Lang, R., Llorente, M., Zinn, Y-L., McNamara, N., Ogle, S., Qin, Z., Rovira, P., Rowe, R., Vicente-Vicente, J.L., Whitaker, J., Yue, Q., Zerihun, A. (2019). A global, empirical, harmonised dataset of soil organic carbon changes under perennial crops. Scientific data 6 (1), 57

    Brearley, F.Q., Adinugroho, W.C., Cámara-Leret, R., Krisnawati, H., Ledo, A., Qie, L., Smith, T.E., Aini, F., Garnier, F., Lestari, N.S. and Mansur, M., 2019. Opportunities and challenges for an Indonesian forest monitoring network. Annals of Forest Science, 76(2), p.54

    Moreno-Fernández, D., Ledo, A., Martín-Benito, D., Cañellas, I. and Gea-Izquierdo, G. (2019) Negative synergistic effects of land-use legacies and climate drive widespread oak decline in evergreen Mediterranean open woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management, 432, pp.884-894.

     Yue, Q., Cheng, K., Ogle, S., Hillier, J., Smith, P., Abdalla, M., Ledo, A., Sun, J., Pan, G.(2018) Evaluation of four modelling approaches to estimate nitrous oxide emissions in China's cropland. Science of the Total Environment, 652, 1279-1289

   Yue, Q. Ledo, A. Cheng, K. Albanito, F. Lebender, U. Sapkota , T.B. Brentrup, F. Stirling, C.M. Smith, P. Sun, J. Pan, G. Hillier, J. (2018). Re-assessing nitrous oxide emissions from croplands across Mainland China. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 268, 70-78

     Ledo A, Heathcote R, Hastings A, Smith P Hillier, J. (2018) Perennial-GHG: a new generic allometric model to estimate biomass accumulation and greenhouse gas emissions in perennial food and bioenergy crops. Environmental Modelling and Software,102: 292-305 [PDF]

     Feliciano, DMD, Ledo A, Hillier JG, Nayak DR. (2018) Which agroforestry options give the greatest soil and above ground carbon benefics in different world regions? 018 Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,102:292-305  

    Pfeifer M, Burt A, Calders K, Cayuela L, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Cuni-Sanchez A, Deere N, Denu D, Gonsamo A, Gonzalez de Tanago J, Hayward R, Lau A, Macia M, Marchant R, Ledo A, Marshall AR, Olivier P, Paine TC, Pellikka P, Seki H, Trevithick R, Wedeux B, Wheeler C, Woodgate W, Platts PJ, Pantaleo MKT, Martin T, Mustari A. (2018). Tropical forest canopies and their relationships with climate and disturbance - results from a global dataset of consistent field-based measurements. Forest Ecosystems, 5: 7

    Ledo A, Paul KI, Burslem DFRP, Ewel JJ, Barton C, Battaglia M, Brooksbank K, Carter J, Eid TH, England JR, Fitzgerald A, Jonson J, Mencuccini M, Montagu KD, Montero G, Mugasha WA, Pinkard E, Roxburgh S, Ryan CM, Ruiz-Peinado R, Sochacki S, Specht A, Wildy D, Wirth C, Zerihun A, Chave J. (2018). Tree size and climatic water deficit control root to shoot ratio in individual trees globally. New Phytologist, 217: 8-11 [PDF]

        Data used for this paper can be found in the supplementary material and respository figshare/Root_Shoot_global_data_individual_trees

Ledo, A. Cornulier, T. Illian, J.B., Iida, Y. Kassim, Abd R. Burslem, D.F.R.P. (2016) - Re-evaluation of individual diameter:height allometric models to improve  biomass estimation of tropical trees. Ecological applications, 268: 2374-2380 [PDF]

        Data used for this paper can be found in repository: figshare/PasohtreeH

        R code used in this paper can be found in:

    Ledo, A. Illian, J.B. Schnitzer, S.A. Wright, S.J., Dalling, J.W., Burslem, D.F.R.P. (2016). Lianas and soil nutrients predict fine‐scale distribution of above‐ground biomass in a tropical moist forest. Journal of Ecology, 104: 1819–1828 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. 2015 Nature and Age of Neighbours Matter: Interspecific Associations among Tree Species Exist and Vary across Life Stages in Tropical Forests. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0141387 [PDF]

Moreno-Fernández, D. Cañellas, I. Barbeito,I. Sánchez-González, M. Ledo. A. (2015). Alternative approaches to assessing the natural regeneration of Scots pine in a Mediterranean forest. Annals of Forest Science, 72: 569-583

    Ledo, A. Cayuela, L. Manso, R. Condes, S. (2015). Recruitment Patterns and Potential Mechanisms of Community Assembly in an Andean Cloud Forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 26(5): 876–888 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. 2015. Protocol for inventory mapped plots in tropical forest. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 27(2): 240-247 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Cañellas, I. Barbeito, I. Gordo, F.J. Calama, R.A. Gea-Izquierdo, G. (2014). Species coexistence in a mixed Mediterranean pine forest: spatio- temporal variability in trade-offs between facilitation and competition. Forest Ecology and Management, 322: 87-97 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Schnitzer, S.A. (2014). Disturbance and clonal reproduction determine liana distribution and maintain liana diversity in a tropical forest. Ecology, 95: 2169–2178 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Montes,  F. Cañellas, I. (2014). Nuevas herramientas para el estudio de la interacción entre especies en el espacio y en el tiempo. Ecosistemas 22  (3): 52-57 [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Burslem, D.F.R.P. Condés, S and Montes, F. (2013). Micro-scale habitat associations of woody plants in a neotropical cloud forest. Journal of Vegetation Science, 24: 1086-1097 [PDF].

    Schnitzer, S.A. Mangan, S.A. Dalling, J.W. Baldeck, C. Hubbell, S.P. Ledo, A. Muller-Landau, H. Aguilar, S. Brassfield, D. Hernandez, A. Lao, S. Perez, R. Rutishauser, S. (2012). Liana Abundance, Diversity, and Distribution on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. PLoS ONE 7(12): e52114

    Ledo, A. Condés, S. and Montes, F. (2012). Revisión de índices de distribución espacial usados en inventarios forestales y su aplicación en bosques tropicales (Review of spatial indices used in forest inventory and their application in tropical forests) [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Condés, S. Alberdi, I. (2012). Forest biodiversity assessment in Peruvian Andean Montane Cloud Forest. Journal of Mountain Science, 9: 372-384. [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Montes, F. and Condés, S. (2012). Different spatial organisation strategies of woody plant species in a montane cloud forest. Acta Oecologica, 38: 49-57. [PDF]

    Ledo, A. Condés, S. and Montes, F. (2011). Intertype mark correlation function: A new tool for the analysis of species interactions. Ecological Modelling, 222(3): 580-587. [PDF]

    Montes, F. and Ledo, A. (2010). Incorporating environmental and geographical information in forest data analysis: a new fitting approach for universal kriging. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 40: 1852–1861

    Ledo, A. Montes, F. and Condés, S. (2009). Species dynamics in a montane cloud forest: identifying factors involved in changes in tree diversity and functional characteristics. Forest Ecology and Management, 258: 75-84. [PDF]



  • Degradación de los Bosques de niebla (Cloud Forest Degradation)- Mi+d  [HERE]
  • Las Yungas y los Bosques Nubosos en Peligro (Yungas and Cloud Forest Endangered)- Ovando, Ledo [HERE]